Models & Pictures


King revamped the line again in 1930, and claimed twenty-two improvements over its previous models. These changes were mostly different tonehole locations on the lower stack, the resizing of other toneholes and movement of the octave pip to accommodate the new King designed mouthpiece (which featured a larger tone chamber). This model was called the Voll-True, and can be quite difficult to play with accurate intonation if a small chamber mouthpiece is used.

In 1932, new alto and tenor models were introduced (the alto made its debut in October 1932, followed by the tenor in December and the baritone in July 1933), known as Voll-True II horns. These are very nice looking instruments, incorporating a "modernistic" appearance and highly stylized look with a new bore for a brighter, more brilliant tone -- geared to the new age of professional commercial playing.

Other Technical Changes in the Voll-True II
* Squared off F# trill key and squared off small finger spatulas for each hand
* Smartly designed key and clothes guards, eliminating bumper pads
* Placement of the low B and Bb tone holes on the same side of the body, eliminating muffled tones and enabling a more responsive mechanism (not found on the baritone)
* Larger palm keys
* Adjusting screws for some key heights (G# arm, low D/Eb, etc.)
* A
floating octave key cup (picture 2)
* The keyaction was revamped to a lighter, flute-like feel and the keys were repositioned for a more natural lay, incrasing the facility in technical work.
* The neck of the baritone could now be turned in any playing position with the octave keys properly functioning (earlier models incorporated a fixed neck).
* An ill-conceived mechanism which eliminated the high E key (introduced on the late Voll-True horns and then discontinued early in the Voll-True II run).

Pete's Comments:
In actuality, while the altissimo E/F vent key is eliminated from the late Voll-Trues and early Voll-True II's, the function is not. What essentially happens is when you play high enough (high B and above, if I remember correctly), a double spring "activates" the chromatic side C key AS the altissimo E/F vent key. This sounds like a kinda freaky idea, but this same feature was found on the Martin Handcraft Troubador -- which was produced at about the same time (and for about as long :)
This key action feels relatively natural, even though the mechanism is somewhat suspect.

In my opinion, the worst saxophone -- intonation wise -- I've ever played was a s/n 145xxx Voll-True alto (two side key model that had most of the features of the II). Yes, this horn was in need of a repad job and other tweaking, but it wasn't in that bad of shape. I've played horns with cobbled-together keywork an paper-thin pads that played much better. I tested this horn with my trusty Sigurd Rascher large chamber mouthpiece and several others. None played well.

Additionally, I hated the G# cluster of this horn and really didn't consider the tone to be anything special. Perhaps later Voll-True II's are better -- with a King Equa-True mouthpiece.


* Thanks to Steve Goodson who has again allowed me to copy from his King history article from Sax-on-the-Web.

* It is my great pleasure to say that Dr. Paul Cohen has allowed me to copy at length from his various articles. The articles I'm quoting fromon this page are from:
- The Saxophone Journal, Vintage Saxophones Revisited column; "Kings All" September/October 1988
- ibid. "Kings All"; September/October 1998 (no, that's not a typo :)

For reprints, please see the Dorn Publications website. To get Dr. Cohen's other products, please go to the To the Fore Publishers website.

Specific authors are not attributed because I combined information from Dr. Cohen's and Mr. Goodson's article for this page. It's literally 40% Cohen, 40% Goodson and 20% me combined in such a way to combine all the features mentioned.




(The New) Voll-True
(sn 110xxx to 1452xx; late 1929 to 1932)

Curved Bb Soprano

Eb Alto

Bb tenor

Eb Baritone
s/n 12398x

Picture Directories
s/n 140xxx
Thanks to

Picture Directories
s/n 120xxx

Picture Directories
s/n 140xxx

Picture Directories

* There was a curved sopranino also produced in this serial number range. This was a prototype horn and was not released to the public. See Paul Cohen's Vintage Saxophones Revisited column in the May/June 1996 and Nov./Dec. 1996 issues (includes pictures) of The Saxophone Journal.
* This is the last series that featured any pitches other than alto, tenor or baritone. I'm assuming that C instruments do exist under this model name, but I've never seen any.




The Voll-True II
(sn 1452xx to 180xxx; 1932 to late 1935)

Eb Alto

Bb Tenor
s/n 14537x

Picture Directories
sn Unknown ("1939")
Thanks to Dr. Rick's Music

Picture Directories

* The
Voll-True II and the Zephyr had the SAME HN White catalog number, according to Paul Cohen, and he theorizes that they are essentially the same horn. The keywork is virtually identical.

* There is no such thing as the Voll-True III, at least not as a model that escaped into production. The confusion comes from the fact that the engraving on the Voll-True II changed slightly in the later years of its production.

* It is somewhat doubtful that there is a "real" (i.e. completely redesigned) Voll True II baritone, because the Zephyr baritone is essentially a Voll True with minor cosmetic differences and different engraving -- it still has split bell keys, even!






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